Barrel purifies water as barrel is rolled to destination
Chronic Poverty and Disability in Uganda
2.4 million disabled people may be classified as chronically poor disabled persons
Efforts to include disabled people in local governance through their representation at many levels of council have not translated themselves into institutional, organizational or practical gains for individual disabled people or their families
What is disability?
“You are disabled if you are missing any one of your limbs or body parts or if one of your limbs is deformed” – Group of disabled persons in Ibanda
“A disabled person is one who cannot look after himself or herself due to physical or mental limitation” – Disabled women in Iganga
“A person is considered disabled if any one of the senses that were given by God are missing. These may include lack of sight, hearing, touch or reasoning” – Group of Youth in Kalerwe
Disability is when your life is not in your hands - When your physical or mental state is such that other people have to decide for you what to do, where to go, what to eat and who to associate with. You are just an object of pity, and whatever opinion you give can never be taken seriously. Some people will treat you as if you are a child, even when you are well over 30 years” – Disabled cobbler, Kansanga, Kampala
Physical limitations and powerlessness
Chronic poverty for disabled people is poverty that stays with people for a long time
Disabled women’s children often lack social amenities , proper parenthood, psychosocial support and hence are lead to poverty
“Poverty and disability are similar and mutual…”
Many disabled children grow into illiteracy (no access to school, lack of proper teacher attention) absence of skills and totally alienated from the socio-economic development of other peoples – this leads to perennial poverty
“Exclusion, isolation and neglect were observed to be among the leading causes of marginalization, failure to access resources and hence chronic poverty among disabled people”
Design and Management of Poverty Reduction Programs and Projects in Anglophone Africa
Research done by Ugandans in order to better understand issues surrounding their communities in the hope of instigating development.
Ekoi! Magazine – March 2013:
Many land conflicts between tribes, specially in the north, as people move back into grasslands long affected by raids in years past
Some people turn to mining (serious exploitation of resources) as they lack access to land or livestock.
Ekoi! Magazine – April 2013
Struggle between youth and elders for control/decision making over newly recuperated land.
“Youth grabbing land instead of borrowing or buy land”
Controversy over over-cultivation. People are cultivating in places designated for animal grazing
Ekoi! Magazine – September 2013
More conflicts between different tribes trying to co-exist in the same lands
Conflict resolution between tribes is dealt through etem or akriket, community meetings run by elders of the conflicting tribes. Conflict resolution between a tribe and a government institution is more complex as it involves two different systems of dealing with problems.